International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
MIGRATION AND SECURITY CHALLENGES AT THE COASTAL BORDERS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:
VICTOR EFFIONG BEN

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VICTOR EFFIONG BEN
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo

MLA 8
BEN, VICTOR EFFIONG. "MIGRATION AND SECURITY CHALLENGES AT THE COASTAL BORDERS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 7, July 2019, pp. 4913-4929, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=374. Accessed July 2019.
APA
BEN, V. (2019, July). MIGRATION AND SECURITY CHALLENGES AT THE COASTAL BORDERS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(7), 4913-4929. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=374
Chicago
BEN, VICTOR EFFIONG. "MIGRATION AND SECURITY CHALLENGES AT THE COASTAL BORDERS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 7 (July 2019), 4913-4929. Accessed July, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=374.

References

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Abstract:
This study examines the role of migration on the insecurity challenges at the coastal borders of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. It observes that migration has been significant in the development discourse of the state yet it contributes to the security challenges that ravage the state's institutions. The study adopted the survey research design with emphasis on the assumptions of the Theory of Strain Behaviour. It selected 228 respondents from four coastal communities in the state, namely, Ifiayongusuk, Ibaka, Atabong and Ukpenekang using the snowball and simple random sampling technique. Data was collected from the respondents using interview and focus group discussion while the result was presented and discussed descriptively. The study found that despite the national policy against illegal migration, effective mobilization of security forces and patrol of the coastal borders by the security operatives, the flow of persons, arms, and other goods illegally in and out of the state through the border communities has continued to persist. Similarly, the study found that the border communities serve as escape routes for criminals, kidnappers, oil pipeline vandals and people involved in trafficking and militant activities. This has caused a lot of security challenges to the state and the country in general. On account of this the study makes recommendations that will not only help to remedy the security challenges but contribute to the development of the state.