International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Atiya Khan

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Atiya Khan
Research scholar, Centre of Advanced Study, Dept. Of History, AMU, Aligarh.

Khan, Atiya. "INDO-PERSIAN TRADE DURING MUGHAL RULE: SOME NEW INSIGHTS." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 7, July 2019, pp. 4930-4936, Accessed July 2019.
Khan, A. (2019, July). INDO-PERSIAN TRADE DURING MUGHAL RULE: SOME NEW INSIGHTS. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(7), 4930-4936. Retrieved from
Khan, Atiya. "INDO-PERSIAN TRADE DURING MUGHAL RULE: SOME NEW INSIGHTS." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 7 (July 2019), 4930-4936. Accessed July, 2019.

[1]. Isfahan capital of Persia means nesf jahan i.e. half of the world.
[2]. Foltz, C. Richard, Mughal India and Central Asia, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1998, p. 7.
[3]. Imported from Persia and Central Asia
[4]. Foster William English Factories in India 1651-54 Oxford, Clarendon 1913 p 64.
[5]. Abul Fazl, Ain-i-Akbari, tr. by Blochmann, v.i, Aadiesh Book Depot, Delhi, 1965, p. 57
[6]. Ibid, p.99.
[7]. Cities of Persia.
[8]. Moosvi, S. The Economy of The Mughal Empire C.1595: A Statistical Study, Oxford University, Delhi, 1987 p. 386
[9]. Singh M.P, Town,Market, Mint and Port in the Mughal Empire[1556-1707], Adam publisher, New Delhi, 1985, p.35
[10]. Moosvi, S. "The Silver influx, Money, Supply, prices, Revenue- extraction in Mughal India". 1989, p.66
[11]. Foster William English Factories In India 1642-45 Oxford, Clarendon, 1913, p 18.
[12]. Ibid 1646-50, p.207.
[13]. Chaudhari, K.N, The Trading World of Asia and the English East India Company 1660- 1760, S.chand, New Delhi, 1978, p.49.
[14]. Habib, I. "The Technology and Economy of India", 1980, p. 8
[15]. Op. Cit., Mughal India and Central Asia, p.7, coin Shahi is also mentioned in the same page prevalent in Persia.
[16]. OMRAH means Amir
[17]. Pattern of salute in Mughal court.
[18]. Bernier Francois, Travels in The Mughal Empire 1656-68 A.D rev and improved ed. Based upon Irving Brocks tr. By A.Constable 2nd ed. Chand pub, Delhi, 1968, p 108
[19]. Steensgaard Neil The Asian Trade Revolution of the Seventeenth Century, The East India Companies and the decline of the caravan trade Chicago press, Chicago 1973 p 96
[20]. Chaudhari Rai Tapan and Habib Irfan v.1 Cambridge Economic History of India Orient Longman in Association with Cambridge university 1984 p.426
[21]. Ibid

Indo-Persian trade predates the Mughal rule in India. Since ancient times, both inland and seaborne trade flourished between India and Persia. The coming of the Mughals in sixteenth century deepened the pre-existing links between both the regions. This paper tries to explore the nature of trade between India and Persia during the Mughal rule. That includes: channels of trade (i.e. sea route and land route), centres of trade, trade items of import and export, customs duty levied from import and export etc. The paper also tries to explore the role played by the western colonial powers like, Portugal, France and Britain in 17th century for the decline of the IndoPersian trade.