International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
HISTORICAL STUDY OF NON - AGRARIAN ECONOMY OF KASHMIR FROM (1846-1885)

Authors:
Khalid Hamid, Dr. Sangita Pathak

|| ||

1Khalid Hamid, 2Dr. Sangita Pathak
1. Research scholar, Department of History, Rabindranath Tagore University, Bhopal.
2. Dean, Humanities and Languages, Rabindranath Tagore University, Bhopal.

MLA 8
Hamid, Khalid, and Dr. Sangita Pathak. "HISTORICAL STUDY OF NON - AGRARIAN ECONOMY OF KASHMIR FROM (1846-1885)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 7, July 2019, pp. 5048-5057, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=386. Accessed July 2019.
APA
Hamid, K., & Pathak, D. (2019, July). HISTORICAL STUDY OF NON - AGRARIAN ECONOMY OF KASHMIR FROM (1846-1885). Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(7), 5048-5057. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=386
Chicago
Hamid, Khalid, and Dr. Sangita Pathak. "HISTORICAL STUDY OF NON - AGRARIAN ECONOMY OF KASHMIR FROM (1846-1885)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 7 (July 2019), 5048-5057. Accessed July, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=386.

References
[1]. Annual Administration Report of the Jammu and Kashmir for the 1939-1940, Jammu and Kashmir State Archives, Srinagar, p. 20
[2]. Abdul Ahad, Kashmir to Frankfurt-A study of Arts and Crafts, Rima Publishing House, New Delhi, 1987, pp. 9-12
[3]. Abul Fazal, Ain-I-Akbar (Persian), Vol. II, English Translation by Colonel, H. S. Jarrett, Oriental Books Reprint Corporation, New Delhi, 1978, p 353.
[4]. Khadmat, Urdu Newspaper from Srinagar, 19 January, 1950
[5]. D. K. Ram, Majmui Report (1872-73), p. 54
[6]. D. N. Dhar, Art and Artisans of Kashmir, p. 5o
[7]. Gazetteer of Kashmir and Ladakh, p. 83
[8]. Lawrence, Valley, p. 378. See also Kumauni, Kashmir-The cultural Heritage, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1952, p. 186
[9]. William Moorcroft, Travels in Himalayan Provinces of Hindustan and Punjab in Ladakh and Kashmir, (1819-1826), Vol. I, Asian Educational Service, New Delhi, 1989 n. 156
[10]. M. Ganjoo, the Textile Industries in Kashmir, Delhi, 1945, p. 121
[11]. D.K. Ram, Majmui Report Riyasat-i-Jammu-wa-Kashmir (1872-73) (Urdu), Government Research Library, Srinagar pp. 32-33

Abstract:
Kashmir is renowned for its artistic skills and marvellous crafts since time immemorial. Bernier, Moorcroft, Vinge and other travellers who visited the place, have highly praised the artistic tastes of the people of Kashmir. Mirza Haider Dughlat, in his Tarikh-i-Rashidi recorded, in Kashmir one meets with all those arts and crafts which are in most cities uncommon. Francis Bernier, who visited Kashmir in 1665 during the early years of Aurangzeb's reign, stated that it is due to the certain properties in the water of that country (Kashmir). Though the Kashmiris practiced myriad arts and crafts since ancient times, it was during the sultanate period that their artistic skill found their proper vent. The sultan Zain-ul Abadin revived and introduced new arts and crafts from Central Asia. The Mughals immensely contributed to the development of no agrarian sector of Kashmir especially, the shawl industry. Though the Afghans and Sikhs are known for their oppression but they still promoted the shawl industry.