International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
RIGHT TO EDUCATION AND SECURITY IN NIGERIA: THE GIRLCHILD IN NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA IN FOCUS

Authors:
Dr. Omotayo Abisoye

|| ||

Dr. Omotayo Abisoye
Lecturer, Faculty of Law, National Open University of Nigeria.

MLA 8
Abisoye, Dr. Omotayo. "RIGHT TO EDUCATION AND SECURITY IN NIGERIA: THE GIRLCHILD IN NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA IN FOCUS." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 1, Jan. 2019, pp. 564-577, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=44. Accessed Jan. 2019.
APA
Abisoye, D. (2019, January). RIGHT TO EDUCATION AND SECURITY IN NIGERIA: THE GIRLCHILD IN NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA IN FOCUS. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(1), 564-577. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=44
Chicago
Abisoye, Dr. Omotayo. "RIGHT TO EDUCATION AND SECURITY IN NIGERIA: THE GIRLCHILD IN NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA IN FOCUS." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 1 (January 2019), 564-577. Accessed January, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=44.

References
[1]. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/new/en/right2education, accessed on 28th May, 2018.
[2]. Retrieved from http://en.unesco.org/themes/women-s-and-girls-education, accessed on 28th May, 2018.
[3]. Encyclopaedia Americana (2001) Vol. 9, USA: Grolier Inc.
[4]. Azikiwe, U. (2008) Reforms in Education and Future of Nigeria: Sociological Perspective. Nigerian Journal of Sociology of Education 2(2), pp. 1-21.
[5]. Macionnis cited in Azikiwe, Ibid.
[6]. Okeke, C. (2003) Philosophy of Education. Owerri: Design Print Publishers.
[7]. Orikpe, E.A. (2013) Education and National Security: Changes and the Way Forward. Journal of Educational and Social Research 3(10, pp. 53-59.
[8]. Joshua, S. (Forthcoming) Governance and Security Management in Nigeria: The Need for ESecurity Approach.
[9]. Audu, C.T, Lukeman, A.A and Mohammed, N.N. (2014) A Nexus between Higher Education, Security Challenges and Sustainable Development in Nigeria. Journal of Research and Methods in Education 4(4), pp. 16-22.
[10]. Iredia, T. (2011) What is National Security? Nigeria Today, December 13.
[11]. Radda, S.I (2013) The Role of Education in Promoting National Security. Being a Paper Presented at the FAAN Conference held in November 2013 at Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria.
[12]. Igbuzo, O (2011) Peace and Security Education: A Critical Factor for Sustainable Peace and National Development. International Journal of Peace and Development 2(1, pp. 1-7.
[13]. (cited Nwaneggo and Odigbo) Nwanegbo, C.J and Odigbo, J (2013) Security and National Development in Nigeria: The Threat of Boko Haram. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 3(4), pp. 285-291.
[14]. Audu, C.T, Lukeman, A.A and Mohammed, N.N. (2014) A Nexus between Higher Education, Security Challenges and Sustainable Development in Nigeria. Journal of Research and Methods in Education 4(4), pp. 16-22.
[15]. Alemika, E.E.O (n.d) Security Challenges and University System in Nigeria. Retrieved from http://repos.unijos.edu.ng/jspuit/stream/.1973--/security%20challenges
[16]. Anan, K (1998) The Causes of Conflicts and the Promotion of Democratic Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa. Report of the UN Sectretary-General to the Security Council. New York: UN Department of Public Affairs.
[17]. Ejirika, P. (2014) The Need for Educaion Reform in Nigeria. Sept. 23. Retrieved from http://dailyposting/2014/09/23/peter-ejirika-need-education-reform-nigeria
[18]. Joshua, S, Ibietan, J. and Azuh D. (2016) Education and Nigeria's National Security. In: INTED2016 Proceedings l0th International Technology, Education and Development Conference, March 7th-9th, 2016, Valencia, Spain. pp. 3660-3665.
[19]. cited in Abayomi, A, Youdeowei and Uwandu, E. (2016) Rethinking Primary, Secondary Education in Nigeria Vanguard, Thursday, January 14th. Retreived from http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/rethinking-primarysecondary-education
[20]. Fafunwa, A. (1974) History of Education in Nigeria, UK: George Allen and Unwin.
[21]. Taiwo, C. O (1980) The Nigerian Education System, Past, Present and Future. Lagos: Thomas Nelson, Ltd.
[22]. Ozigi, A. And Ocho, L. (1981) Education in Northern Nigeria, London: Gorge Allen and Unwin.
[23]. Adesina, S. (1988) The Development of Modern Education in Nigeria, Ibadan: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd.
[24]. (FHC/ABJ/CS/978/15) [2017] NGHC 2 (18 April, 2018)
[25]. @ The 2017 edition of the Annual Lecture of the Faculty of Education, Obafemi Awolowo University. Retrieved from https://www.vanguardngr.com/2017/06/difficult-march-toward-educational-security-nigeria-law-policygorvernance- imperatives/
[26]. Ibid.
[27]. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/education.html
[28]. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/development-agenda/.
[29]. Maryam Ahmad Makama, 'Importance of girl-child education'. Retrieved from https://www.dailytrust.com.ng/news/home-front/ importance-of-girl-child-education/
[30]. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/education.html
[31]. Alemika, E.E.O (n.d) Security Challenges and University System in Nigeria. Retrieved from http://repos.unijos.edu.ng/jspuit/stream/.1973--/security%20challenges
[32]. Orikpe, E.A. (2013) Education and National Security: Changes and the Way Forward. Journal of Educational and Social Research 3(10, pp. 53-59.
[33]. Radda, S.I (2013) The Role of Education in Promoting National Security. Being a Paper Presented at the FAAN Conference held in November 2013 at Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria.
[34]. Alemika, E.E.O (n.d) Security Challenges and University System in Nigeria. Retrieved from http://repos.unijos.edu.ng/jspuit/stream/.1973--/security%20challenges
[35]. Akande, S.O and Okuwa, O.B (2009) "Empowering Nigeria Youths for the 21st Centrury" NISER Occasional Paper No 3. Ibadan: NISER.
[36]. Report from UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/unesco-training-safety-and-security-schools-northeast-nigeria
[37]. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/education_11061.html
[38]. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/education_11061.html.
[39]. Abubakar, 'Education is key: Malala visits schoolgirls displaced by the Boko Haram crisis in northeast Nigeria.' Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/nigeria/education_11585.html
[40]. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-43535872.

Abstract:
Education is a fundamental human right and essential for the exercise of all other human rights. Yet millions of children and adults remain deprived of educational opportunities... In Nigeria, Section 14 subsection (2)(b) of the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria states that "the security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose of government." While section 18 subsection (1) states that "Government shall direct its policy towards ensuring that there are equal and adequate educational opportunities at all levels." Gender equality is a global priority for UNESCO. Gender inequality in education affects both girls and boys, and women and men, but girls and women are still more often disadvantaged. Poverty, geographical isolation, minority status, disability, early marriage and pregnancy, gender-based violence, and traditional attitudes about the status and role of women, are among the many obstacles that stand in the way of women and girls' fully exercising their right to participate in, complete and benefit from education2 in Africa, especially Nigeria.