International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper


Rohan Khanna

|| ||

Rohan Khanna
The Shri Ram School, Aravali

Khanna, Rohan. "TRANSFORMATION OF BRITISH POLICIES IN INDIA AFTER THE FIRST WORLD WAR." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 8, Aug. 2019, pp. 5728-5741, Accessed Aug. 2019.
Khanna, R. (2019, August). TRANSFORMATION OF BRITISH POLICIES IN INDIA AFTER THE FIRST WORLD WAR. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(8), 5728-5741. Retrieved from
Khanna, Rohan. "TRANSFORMATION OF BRITISH POLICIES IN INDIA AFTER THE FIRST WORLD WAR." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 8 (August 2019), 5728-5741. Accessed August, 2019.

[1]. Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden: The United States & the Philippine Islands, 1899." Rudyard Kipling's Verse: Definitive Edition.
[2]. Mahajan V.D. Modern Indian History, S. Chand & Co., 1999 p. 266.
[3]. Proclamation by the Queen in Council to the Princes, Chiefs and people of India (published by the Governor-General at Allahabad, November 1st 1858), British Library IOR/L/PS/18/D154.
[4]. "The India List and India Office List 1905" as published by India Office and India Office Record
[5]. Peers, Douglas M. (2013), India under Colonial Rule: 1700-1885, Routledge, p. 76.
[6]. History of Modern India, Bipin Chandra, Orient Blackswan pvt. Ltd. 2009
[7]. Akhtar, M. Javaid; Ali, Azra Asghar; Akhtar, Shahnaz (2010). "The Role of Vernacular Press in Subcontinent during the British Rule: A Study of Perceptions". Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences. 30: 71-84.
[8]. The Arms Act, 1878, Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs Division, Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, retrieved 2019.
[9]. The Lawyer, Vol VIII Part II, 1907, pg 47-.48
[10]. "VI: Prevention of Seditious Meetings Act". 48A Collection of the Acts passed by the Governor General of India in Council, 1907 (PDF), Calcutta 1908. Pg 57-60.
[11]. The History of British India: A Chronology, John Riddick, 2006, Greenwood Publishing Group.
[12]. British Administration & the Amritsar Massacre, Benjamin Horniman, 1984, Delhi: Mittal Publications.
[13]. The History and Culture of Pakistan, Nigel Kelly, 2014, Peak Publishing, p.61
[14]. The Making of India: A Historical Survey, Ranbir Vohra, 2001, 2nd Ed. Armonk, NewYork: M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 0-7656-0711-5. p. 126.
[15]. India and the Simon Report, C.F Andrews, 2017, Routledge reprint of 1930 first edition. p. 11. ISBN 9781315444987
[16]. A criticism of Montagu-Chelmsford proposals of Indian constitutional reform, Madan Mohan Malaviya 2009. Chintamani. Columbia University Libraries Collection. pp. 1-8
[17]. The Nehru Report 1928, Motilal Nehru. Retrieved from on 24th June 2019.
[18]. Peter Ruhe. Gandhi. London: Phaidon Press Limited, 2

In this review, I will be tracing the key events taking place from the ascendancy of the British government after the revolt of 1857 to the August Offer in 1940, while placing emphasis on the nature of the policies introduced by the British, which is the focal point of this study. The aim is to establish that the British policy towards India underwent a remarkable change after the outbreak of the First World War and the manifestation of its impacts; the transition being from a hardline and uncompromising policy to a reformative and appeasement-oriented one. For the same, I will be focusing on the legislation, declarations, concessions in relation with India and other such things, which were introduced by the British, and making deductions regarding their implications, to prove if this transition did occur. The underlying aim of this study is to shed light upon the instrumentality of the First World War in the Indian Liberation Movement, and show how happenings linked directly or indirectly with it sparked off important events in the movement, making it increasingly difficult for the British to deal with. This paper doesn't wish to extend the argument that the British actually meant to provide reform, but instead argues that the occurrences sparked off by the war, either directly or indirectly, drove the British to a state where they had to introduce reforms or make concessions, to appease the Indians.