International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
PATTERNS OF MORBIDITY IN SELECTED DISTRICTS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

Authors:
Niranjna Bhandari

|| ||

Niranjna Bhandari
Population Research Centre, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla- 171 005

MLA 8
Bhandari, Niranjna. "PATTERNS OF MORBIDITY IN SELECTED DISTRICTS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 8, Aug. 2019, pp. 5766-5787, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=443. Accessed Aug. 2019.
APA
Bhandari, N. (2019, August). PATTERNS OF MORBIDITY IN SELECTED DISTRICTS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(8), 5766-5787. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=443
Chicago
Bhandari, Niranjna. "PATTERNS OF MORBIDITY IN SELECTED DISTRICTS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 8 (August 2019), 5766-5787. Accessed August, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=443.

References
[1]. Akker VD, Buntinx F, Metsemakers JF, Knottnerus JA (2000) Marginal impact of psychosocial factors on multi-morbidity: Results of an explorative nested case-control study. Social Science and. Medicine , Vol. 50, Pp. 1679-1693
[2]. Balarajan, Y; Selvaraj, S; et al. (2011). "Health care and equity in India". Lancet. Vol. 377, Pp. 505-15. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(10)61894-6.
[3]. Banjare, Pallavi & Jalandhar Pradhan (2014) Socio-economic Inequalities in the Prevalence of Multi-morbidity among the Rural Elderly in Bargarh District of Odisha, PLoS, Vol. 9, No. 6, e-97832, 0.137/journal.pone.0097832 retrieved on 16.12.2016. PMCID: PMC4046974
[4]. Mackenbach, J. P. (1992) Socio-economic Health Differences in The Netherlands: A Review of Recent Empirical Findings, SocSciMed, Vol.34, No. 3, Pp.213-16
[5]. Scott, John & Gordon Marshall (2009) Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, London: Oxford University Press, p.489.
[6]. Tarozzi, Alessandro (2012), "Some Facts about Boy versus Girl Health Indicators in India: 1992-2005". CESifo Economics Studies. Vol. 58, No. 2, Pp.296- 321. doi:10.1093/cesifo/ifs013. Retrieved on 16.12.2016.
[7]. United Nations (1995). Population and Development (vol. 1) New York: Department of Economic and Social Development.

Abstract:
Morbidity is the leading cause of mortality among people in developing countries, more specifically among women living in the rural areas. While bio-physiological factors affecting health have been largely established, the role of socio-economic characteristics in a given cultural setting and environmental conditions as the cause morbidity and disease remain lesser explored. The underlying assumption of this paper, based on the study of a limited sample (66 indoor women patients) admitted in three district hospital in a hill state, namely Kinnaur, Solan and Shimla of Himachal Pradesh, is socio-economic characteristics along with cultural and environmental conditions are critical in the causation of morbidity. These districts, besides located at different altitude, climatic conditions and occupational engagements also represent population with distinct socio-cultural and economic characteristics. The rationale of taking limited indoor patient population was conditioned by the rugged terrain and lack of transport facilities making out-door patients declining to stay back for interviews. Resultantly, only a limited number of patients were available for interviews. An interview schedule was used to collect data on the socio-economic and environmental conditions in which the patients were living. The findings although due to small sample size remain limited but provide sufficient indications that socio-economic conditions in a cultural setting along with environmental conditions play a critical role in the causation of morbidity and illness.