International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
ANALYZING SOCIOCULURAL BIASES AND DISCRIMINATION AGAINST LGBTQ INDIVIDUALS IN INDIAN HIV TESTING

Authors:
Aadya Choudhary

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Aadya Choudhary
Vasant Valley School

MLA 8
Choudhary, Aadya. "ANALYZING SOCIOCULURAL BIASES AND DISCRIMINATION AGAINST LGBTQ INDIVIDUALS IN INDIAN HIV TESTING." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 9, Sept. 2019, pp. 5889-5895, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=451. Accessed Sept. 2019.
APA
Choudhary, A. (2019, September). ANALYZING SOCIOCULURAL BIASES AND DISCRIMINATION AGAINST LGBTQ INDIVIDUALS IN INDIAN HIV TESTING. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(9), 5889-5895. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=451
Chicago
Choudhary, Aadya. "ANALYZING SOCIOCULURAL BIASES AND DISCRIMINATION AGAINST LGBTQ INDIVIDUALS IN INDIAN HIV TESTING." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 9 (September 2019), 5889-5895. Accessed September, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=451.

References
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[3]. CIVICUS Monitor 2017, 'India: Democracy Threatened by Growing Attacks on Civil Society' Hijras/Transgender Women in India: HIV, Human Rights, and Social Exclusion, United Nations Development Program, India, Issue Brief (December 2010)
[4]. Mohta, P., 'Stigma does not go away': Mumbai's dedicated LGBT health clinic', The Guardian, 23 April 2019
[5]. Nebhinani, N., et al, 'HIV Stigma and Specified Correlates in North India', Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 2012 Oct-Dec; 34(4): 324-331.
[6]. PEPFAR, 'India: Country Operational Plan 2017: Strategic Direction Summary'
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[8]. UNAIDS Data 2018, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
[9]. Withnall, A., 'How stigma prevents Delhi's gay men from getting tested for HIV', The Independent, 10 Jan 2019
[10]. Withnall, A., 'Pushed to fringes of Indian society, Delhi's trans women face constant HIV threat', The Independent, 7 Jan 2019

Abstract:
It is well documented that there exists a pervasive stigma against the LGBTQ community, in India. The stigma has potentially deadly consequences, especially when members of the LGBTQ community are also infected with HIV. This leads to bias and discrimination against them especially in the health care sector, where they do not feel safe enough to receive treatment, and are deprived of basic health care services. The HIV epidemic in India continues to be a pressing issue, with key affected groups being men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. This paper will examine the sources of these biases and the manner in which LGBTQ individuals face discrimination with respect to HIV testing and healthcare in a myriad of different ways. The paper will then make certain policy recommendations in order to tackle the issue of biases in the health care sector, and to better aid in the assimilation of LGBTQ and HIV infected individuals into society as full citizens.