International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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John, Wajim

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John, Wajim
Department of Sociology, Federal University, Wukari, 200 Katsina-Ala Road, P.M.B 1020 Wukari, Nigeria

Wajim, John,. "OVERPOPULATION: THE IMPETUS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 9, Sept. 2019, pp. 6019-6034, Accessed Sept. 2019.
Wajim, J. (2019, September). OVERPOPULATION: THE IMPETUS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN NIGERIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(9), 6019-6034. Retrieved from
Wajim, John,. "OVERPOPULATION: THE IMPETUS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 9 (September 2019), 6019-6034. Accessed September, 2019.


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This study on overpopulation: the impetus of environmental degradation in Nigeria is aimed at establishing the extent overpopulation has impacted on the environment and biodiversity. Human overpopulation occurs if the number of people in a group exceeds the carrying capacity of the region occupied by the group. The term often refers to the relationship between the entire human population and its environment. Population impacts on the environment primarily via the use of natural resources and production of wastes and is associated with environmental stresses like loss of biodiversity, air and water pollution and increased pressure on arable land. Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through human activities resulting in the depletion of resources, contamination of air, water, and soil, the destruction of the ecosystems and the extinction of flora and fauna (plants and animals) components. This could also be any disturbance capable of producing harmful effects on the environment which could be social, economic, technological and institutional, and consequently producing results that are undesirable for present and future generations. Qualitative secondary data sources and qualitative analysis were used for the purpose of this paper. Amongst other recommendations, the paper recommends that government should make policy in respect to the expected number of children per couple. In addition to this, population education should be carried out to educate couples on the need for small family size and consequences of large family size.