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Title:
IMPACT OF MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT ON RURAL HOUSEHOLDS: A CASE STUDY IN DAVANAGERE DISTRICT OF KARNATAKA

Authors:
Chandrashekhara. Y & Dr. Pallavi S Kusugal

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Chandrashekhara. Y* & Dr. Pallavi S Kusugal**
*. Research Scholar, Department of Studies and Research in Economics, Tumkur University, Tumkuru.
**. Assistant Professor, Department of Studies and Research in Economics, Tumkur University, Tumkuru.

MLA 8
Y, Chandrashekhara., and Dr Pallavi S Kusugal. "IMPACT OF MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT ON RURAL HOUSEHOLDS: A CASE STUDY IN DAVANAGERE DISTRICT OF KARNATAKA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 10, Oct. 2019, pp. 6518-6532, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=503. Accessed Oct. 2019.
APA
Y, C., & Kusugal, D. (2019, October). IMPACT OF MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT ON RURAL HOUSEHOLDS: A CASE STUDY IN DAVANAGERE DISTRICT OF KARNATAKA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(10), 6518-6532. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=503
Chicago
Y, Chandrashekhara., and Dr Pallavi S Kusugal. "IMPACT OF MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT ON RURAL HOUSEHOLDS: A CASE STUDY IN DAVANAGERE DISTRICT OF KARNATAKA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 10 (October 2019), 6518-6532. Accessed October, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=503.

References

[1]. Ambasta, P., Shankar, P.S.V. and Shah M. (2008) "Two Years of NREGA: The Road Ahead"Economics and Political Weekly, February 2008.
[2]. BelaBhatla and Jean Dreze(2006): "Employment Gurarntee in Jharkhand: Ground Realities", Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XXXVI, No. 11, July 22, 2006. pp. 3198-3202.
[3]. GaihaRaghav (2004) Is There A Case For Employment Guarantee Scheme In India? Some Recent Evidence, ASARC Working Paper 2004-09.
[4]. Indira Hirway., "Providing Employment Guarantee in India: Some Critical Issues"Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XXV, No. 12, November 27, 2004, pp. 5117-5124.
[5]. Jawed Akhtar S.M. "MGNREGS: A Tool for Sustainable Environment"Kurukshetra, Vol. 60, No. 8, June 2012, pp. 38-41.
[6]. Keshava K.G., "NREGA - Prospects: An Assessment" Southern Economist, Vol. 49, No. 8, August 15, 2010, pp. 37-38.
[7]. Raj Kumar Siwach and Sunil Kumar., "Implementing NREGA in Haryana: A study of social audit", Kurukshetra, Vol. 21, No. 3, April 9, 2009. pp. 41-44.
[8]. Shylashri Shankar, RaghavGaiha and RaghbendraJha (2011) Information, Access and Targeting: The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in India Oxford Development Studies, 2011, vol. 39, issue 1, pp. 69-95

Abstract:
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has been playing an important role in employment generation and poverty alleviation in rural India. It was "an Act to provide for the enhancement of livelihood security of the households in rural areas of the country by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household whose adult members' volunteer to do unskilled manual work and for matters connected or incidental thereto". In this paper an attempt has been made to evaluate the changes in terms of employment level, income level, expenditure pattern, savings pattern, and living standard of the sample beneficiaries in the study area between preMGNREGA and post- MGNREGA period; and to offer policy measures to improve the performance of the MGNREGA programme in generating rural livelihood. The present study is mainly based on primary data collected directly from the selected sample beneficiaries of MGNREGA through personal interview. Simple statistical tools like averages, ratios, percentages have been employed for the analysis. The main findings reveal that the proportion of employment generation, income generation, average expenditure and savings and assets creation were found to be quite significant in post-MGNREGA period as compared to that of in preMGNREGA period in the study areas. Similarly the MGNREGA has made positive impact on the living standard of sample beneficiaries in the study areas. Based on the findings the study suggested that the statutory 100 days of employment per adult member of rural household should be guaranteed instead of 100 days per rural household. This would help in improve the income level of households who mainly depend on MGNREGA for their livelihood and the performance of MGNREGA in backward (Jagalur) taluk is low. Therefore the officials should take for effective implementation of the programme in the backward areas.