International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
RETURNEE MIGRANTS AND THEIR ECONOMIC SECURITY: THE CASE OF JAMMA WOREDA, AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE

Authors:
ENDALE NIGUSSIE

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ENDALE NIGUSSIE
ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES, INSTITUTE FOR PEACE AND SECURITY STUDIES

MLA 8
Nigussie, Endale. "RETURNEE MIGRANTS AND THEIR ECONOMIC SECURITY: THE CASE OF JAMMA WOREDA, AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 11, Nov. 2019, pp. 6890-6972, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=526. Accessed Nov. 2019.
APA
Nigussie, E. (2019, November). RETURNEE MIGRANTS AND THEIR ECONOMIC SECURITY: THE CASE OF JAMMA WOREDA, AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(11), 6890-6972. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=526
Chicago
Nigussie, Endale. "RETURNEE MIGRANTS AND THEIR ECONOMIC SECURITY: THE CASE OF JAMMA WOREDA, AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 11 (November 2019), 6890-6972. Accessed November, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=526.

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Abstract:
Most economic migrants who live abroad have a dream to return to their home country whether they are economically secure or not. This is also true in Jamma Woreda of South Wollo Zone, Amhara National Regional State. The main purpose of the thesis is to assess the economic security of returnee migrants in Jamma Woreda, Amhara National Regional State. It also explores the perception of returnee migrants to their return and assistance programs in the area under the case study. To this end, the thesis employed a mixed research approach to examine the experience of the various actors in the provision of economic security to returnee migrants by using case study. The data were collected through in-depth interviews, document review, and personal observation, as well as Focus Group Discussions and were analyzed using a thematic analysis. The participants of the thesis were selected purposefully based on their experience of migration and active engagement in the provision of economic security of returnee migrants. The results of this thesis reveal that most of the returnee migrants are not economically secure due to lack of commitment to work in their locality, insufficient finance to start their own business, misuse of the money they brought from abroad, and lack of proper support from the community, government and other stakeholders. As a result, in Jamma Woreda, the majority of the returnee migrants prefer re-migration rather than staying in their locality since they are economically insecure and influenced by their family. Moreover, the thesis indicated that the support to returnee migrants from stakeholders is not as such quantifiable and visible. Most of the reintegration and support programs lack well-designed strategy/plan, budget, and fairness. Therefore to solve problems related to returnee migrants and to enhance their economic security, all stakeholders should take their own role.