International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF LAND DEGRADATION ON CONFLICTS BETWEEN FARMERS AND HERDSMEN IN KONDUGA LGA, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:
ALI, ALHAJI ALI; OMOLE, OLUYOMI.O

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ALI, ALHAJI ALI; OMOLE, OLUYOMI.O
Department of Geography and Meteorology, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu State, Nigeria

MLA 8
O, OMOLE, OLUYOMI., and ALI, ALHAJI ALI. "EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF LAND DEGRADATION ON CONFLICTS BETWEEN FARMERS AND HERDSMEN IN KONDUGA LGA, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 1, Jan. 2019, pp. 706-730, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=55. Accessed Jan. 2019.
APA
O, O., & ALI, A. (2019, January). EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF LAND DEGRADATION ON CONFLICTS BETWEEN FARMERS AND HERDSMEN IN KONDUGA LGA, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(1), 706-730. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=55
Chicago
O, OMOLE, OLUYOMI., and ALI, ALHAJI ALI. "EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF LAND DEGRADATION ON CONFLICTS BETWEEN FARMERS AND HERDSMEN IN KONDUGA LGA, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 1 (January 2019), 706-730. Accessed January, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=55.

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Abstract:
The 21st century heralded an upsurge of violent conflict between farmers and herdsmen in Northern, Nigeria. Borno state has been one of the battlefields for these recent incessant conflicts. This study examined the impact of land degradation on conflicts between the farmers and herdsmen in Konduga LGA in Borno State, Nigeria. The objectives of this study were to; (a) examine the causes of conflicts between the farmers and herdsmen in Konduga LGA in Borno State, (b) to identify the impacts of land degradation on the persistent conflicts between the farmers and the herdsmen, (c) to examine the impact of climate change on the increasing violent conflicts amongst the farmers and herdsmen in Konduga LGA in Borno State. The population of the study was thirteen thousand four hundred (13,400) Farmers and Herdsmen in Konduga LGA in Borno State. A purposive sampling technique was used to select the respondents for the study. The sample size for this study was six hundred and seventy (670) respondents; this figure was (5%) of population of the study which agreed with Nworgu (2006), that 5% of a population of study is appropriate for this study. The two hypotheses stated are; (a) there is no significant relationship between land degradation and causes of conflicts between farmers and herdsmen in Borno State. (b) There is no significant relationship between climate change and land degradation in Borno State. The study was a survey-based research and the data used for the study were collected from primary and secondary sources. Techniques used for the primary data collection include structured questionnaires and oral/key-informant interview and direct observation. In all, a total of six hundred and seventy (670) copies of questionnaire were administered in the ten communities of konduga local Government of Borno State. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of Significance. The result reveals that the Fcal calculated value (f= 4.2; Critical value of 3.89) which implies that there is a significant relationship between land degradation and causes of conflicts between farmers and herdsmen similarly, testing of hypotheses two reveals that the Fcal calculated value (f=4.1; critical value of 3.89) which implies that there is a significant relationship between climate change and Land degradation in Borno state. It is against this background, that this study recommends the need for cattle ranches for herdsmen to avoid future conflicts between farmers and herdsmen in the study area and a periodic environmental evaluation of land degradation of the study area among others were also recommendations.