International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Tailyang Sirah

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Tailyang Sirah
Ph.D. Scholar, Arunachal Institute of Tribal Studies, Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar Arunachal Pradesh, India

Sirah, Tailyang. "PERCEPTION OF HIV/AIDS AMONG THE SENIOR STUDENTS OF ITANAGAR, ARUNACHAL PRADESH." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 2, Feb. 2019, pp. 763-781, Accessed Feb. 2019.
Sirah, T. (2019, February). PERCEPTION OF HIV/AIDS AMONG THE SENIOR STUDENTS OF ITANAGAR, ARUNACHAL PRADESH. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(2), 763-781. Retrieved from
Sirah, Tailyang. "PERCEPTION OF HIV/AIDS AMONG THE SENIOR STUDENTS OF ITANAGAR, ARUNACHAL PRADESH." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 2 (February 2019), 763-781. Accessed February, 2019.

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Aim of the study was to investigate the knowledge of, attitude toward and practices on HIV/AIDS among the senior students. The cluster sampling technique was used to select a sample of 550 students (530 sample were taken for final analysis) from the identified sampled educational institutes from the twin capital cities of Arunachal Pradesh. A structured and self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. The majority of the students were aware that HIV could be transmitted through unprotected sex (83%), through sharing of needle-syringe (71%) and through unscreened blood transfusion (72%). However, the large scale of misconceptions also observed regarding virus transmission and its prevention modes. It is observed that there were a free and relaxed attitude toward sexual affairs, on such statements as pre- marital affairs becoming normal practice (54%), no problem having multiple sexual partners (27%) and no big deal of having extra-marital affairs (17%). It also highlighted some discriminatory and retrograde attitude toward PLHIV and HIV/AIDS in the gender perspective. Again, the study also revealed very casual sexual behaviours among the students, viz. early sexual initiation at age less than 22 years (41%), multiple partnership (20%), and sexual affairs with same sex (10%), and the consequent STI prevalence (4%) among the respondents. The knowledge deficit, unfavourable attitude and risky behaviour patterns are major hindrance of preventing the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS. There is, thus, an urgent need to address the gap in knowledge about HIV/AIDS, STIs, safer sexual behaviours and reproductive and sexual health through the appropriate measures targeting the youth population.