International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
INDEBTEDNESS AND SUICIDES AMONG FARMERS IN INDIA: TRENDS, FACTORS AND POLICY ALTERNATIVES

Authors:
Savita, Dr. Vikas Batra

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1Savita, 2Dr. Vikas Batra
1. Research scholar, Department of Economics, Indira Gandhi University, Meerpur, Rewari (HARYANA)
2. Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Indira Gandhi University, Meerpur, Rewari (HARYANA)

MLA 8
Savita, and Vikas Batra. "INDEBTEDNESS AND SUICIDES AMONG FARMERS IN INDIA: TRENDS, FACTORS AND POLICY ALTERNATIVES." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 2, Feb. 2019, pp. 788-800, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=61. Accessed Feb. 2019.
APA
Savita, & Batra, V. (2019, February). INDEBTEDNESS AND SUICIDES AMONG FARMERS IN INDIA: TRENDS, FACTORS AND POLICY ALTERNATIVES. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(2), 788-800. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=61
Chicago
Savita, & Batra, V. (2019, February). INDEBTEDNESS AND SUICIDES AMONG FARMERS IN INDIA: TRENDS, FACTORS AND POLICY ALTERNATIVES. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(2), 788-800. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=61

References
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Abstract:
The present paper deals with trends and factors of suicides and indebtedness among farmers in India. According to National Crime Records Bureau (2015), farmer's suicide becomes major problem of Indian agricultural economy and the problem is spread all over the states in India. Indebtedness emerged as a major cause behind farmer's suicide As far as the extent of indebtedness is concerned, more than half of agricultural household in India are indebted in which Andhra Pradesh had highest indebted agricultural households followed by Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In India, a higher incidence of indebtedness and suicide cases found were among small and marginal farmers. The important policy suggestion regarding the welfare of farmers is that an appropriate model should be framed by the government in such a manner that the inputs that farmers used should be directly supplied by the government to the farmers at very low prices rather than middlemen in the form of commission agents, corrupt officials, traders etc.. Agriculture price policy also needs modifications whose main motive will be farmer's welfare. Cost of cultivation is another area where the policies should be framed in such a way that farmers get high level of income. In case of crop failure the farmers should be exempted for few months to pay their debt so that they don't feel more financial burden. The study suggested the process of borrowing of loans by the farmers should be simplified. Schemes and programmes that were launched by the government in regard of farmers more awareness will be created among farmers regarding those schemes. The study concludes that a comprehensive agricultural policy is required that can address these issues at local, regional, national as well as international level.