International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF WOMEN CONVICTED AND PRISONERS UNDER-TRIAL OF THE SPECIAL PRISONS FOR WOMEN - TAMIL NADU

Authors:
Maria Nalini Xavier, Karunanidhi S

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Maria Nalini Xavier*, Karunanidhi S**
*. Research Scholar - Department of Psychology, University of Madras.
**. Professor & Head - Department of Psychology, University of Madras.

MLA 8
Xavier, Maria Nalini, and Karunanidhi S. "SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF WOMEN CONVICTED AND PRISONERS UNDER-TRIAL OF THE SPECIAL PRISONS FOR WOMEN - TAMIL NADU." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 2, Feb. 2019, pp. 1355-1366, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=99. Accessed Feb. 2019.
APA
Xavier, M., & S, K. (2019, February). SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF WOMEN CONVICTED AND PRISONERS UNDER-TRIAL OF THE SPECIAL PRISONS FOR WOMEN - TAMIL NADU. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(2), 1355-1366. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=99
Chicago
Xavier, Maria Nalini, and Karunanidhi S. "SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF WOMEN CONVICTED AND PRISONERS UNDER-TRIAL OF THE SPECIAL PRISONS FOR WOMEN - TAMIL NADU." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 2 (February 2019), 1355-1366. Accessed February, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=99.

References
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[3]. Dahiya, R.S. (2002). Female Criminality in Rural Haryana, The State Resources Center, Haryana.
[4]. Halder & Jaishankar K. (2007). Rights of Women Prisoners in India: A Legal Analysis, The Indian Journal of Criminology and Criminalistics, Volume XXVIII, Issue No. 2.
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[6]. Meixiang, L. I. (2013). Discussion on the Causes of Female Crime and Its Control and Prevention. In M&D, Forum. http://www.seiofbluemountain. com/upload/product/201112.
[7]. Mili, P. M. K., Perumal, R., & Cherian, N. S. (2015). Female Criminality in India: Prevalence, Causes and Preventive Measures. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, 10(1), 72.

Abstract:
In India, woman is considered to be a modest version of humankind, yet unfortunately both the ancient and contemporary socio-economic, environmental factors have churned them to become a partner of crime and consequently driven her to the prisons. The socio-economic and psychological status of an individual plays a significant role in the formulation of one's attitude and opinion about that individual. Therefore, the information about the socio-economic profile of women prisoners facilitates to put forward the reasons which forced the women to commit crimes. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to understand the distinct facts about the socio-economic and social status of women prisoners convicted and under-trial. An intensive interview was conducted among 50 convicts and 50 under-trial of Puzhal, Vellore and Trichy Special Prisons for Women, Tamil Nadu, using a semi-structured interview schedule in Tamil. The ages of women ranged from 21 to 70 years and information about the women prisoners' level of education, family socio-economic status, marital status, employment status, deviant thinking patterns, present mental status and the motive behind the crime was collected. A percentage analysis was done with the data obtained and the findings inferred that the percentage of illiteracy was higher among the women prisoners under-trial than the convicted. Most of the women prisoners under-trial are from a very low socio-economic status than that of the convicted. More unmarried women are imprisoned among the under-trial prisoners than the convicted. Most of the women prisoners under-trial are unemployed compared to that of the convicted. Deviant thinking patterns, present mental status and the motive of crime of the undertrial and the convicted women prisoners. Hence this study is initiated to emphasize the importance of the personal and situational factors encountered by women to commit a crime.